Concussions are a brain injury in which the brain bangs up against the inside of the skull. This can be compared to how the egg yolk inside of an eggshell behaves when shaken. During a concussion, the brain endures a whiplash-type injury that first hits the front of the brain and then hits against the back of the skull.
Concussions can occur in many different scenarios. Most often they happen during athletic games or practices, slip and fall incidents or car accidents.
Symptoms of a concussion vary widely from patient to patient and depend on factors such as the age of the patient, severity of the injury and injury location.
A patient who has undergone a concussion may experience several of the following signs and symptoms. Symptoms may appear right after the injury, or they can be delayed for up to 48 hours afterwards.
- Loss of consciousness
- Slight headache
- Feeling out of sorts
- Emotional reactions, such as anxiety or depression
- Balance problems
- Questionable brain functions
Anyone can be affected by a concussion. The younger a patient, the longer he or she takes to recover. This is because a younger patient’s brain is still developing, causing a more severe reaction to the injury that a concussion causes.
If you are concerned that you or someone you know has a concussion, it is best to play it safe and call your primary care doctor or the Bone & Joint Center for evaluation and treatment.
If you are a coach or athletic trainer, contact us to have Dr. Courtney Erickson-Adams host a Concussion Discussion for your school or team.