Surgical procedure by which the internal structure of a joint is examined for diagnosis and/or treatment using a tube-like viewing instrument called an arthroscope. Arthroscopy is commonly used in the evaluation of knees and shoulders but can also be used to examine and treat conditions of the wrist, ankles, and elbows.
Refers to procedures that are performed in addition to examining the joint with the arthroscope. There are a number of procedures that are done in this fashion. If a procedure can be done arthroscopically instead of by traditional surgical techniques, it usually causes less tissue trauma, results in less pain, and may promote a quicker recovery.
The use of minimally invasive "arthroscopic" surgery to treat painful disorders of the hip offers athletes who undergo the procedure a good shot at ultimately resuming their respective sports at a highly competitive level. Researchers determined that nearly 80% of athletes suffering from hip arthritis sparked by internal ball and socket joint damage to the hip ("hip impingement") were able to return to their sport.
Arthroplasty (Joint Replacement)
Joint replacement surgery, also known as arthroplasty, is very common. Joint replacement surgery involves replacing a destroyed joint with an artificial joint. In knee or hip replacement surgery, the artificial joint is made out of metal and plastic.
Anterior Hip Replacement
The anterior approach to hip replacement surgery allows the surgeon to reach the hip joint from the front of the hip as opposed to the lateral (side) or the posterior (back) approach. This way, the hip can be replaced without detachment of muscle from the pelvis or femur during surgery. Conventional lateral or posterior surgery typically requires strict precautions for the patient. Most patients must limit hip motion for 6 to 8 weeks after surgery. Anterior hip replacement allows patients to bend their hip freely after surgery and bear full weight when comfortable, resulting in a more rapid return to normal function.
Hip Resurfacing (Birmingham Hip Resurfacing)
Unlike traditional hip replacement, hip resurfacing doesn't replace the "ball" of the hip with a metal or ceramic ball. Instead, the damaged hip ball is reshaped and capped with a metal prosthesis. The damaged hip socket is fitted with a metal prosthesis — similar to what is used in a conventional hip replacement. Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) is a brand name for hip resurfacing of Smith & Nephew.
Hip & Knee Revisions
Ten percent of implants will fail and require a second procedure, called revision, to remove the old implants and replace them with new components.
Knee – ACL
An ACL injury is the tearing of the anterior cruciate (KROO-she-ate) ligament in your knee. Treatment of an ACL injury may include surgery to replace the torn ligament, along with an intense rehabilitation program.
Knee Replacement (Total)
Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that is performed when the knee joint has reached a point when painful symptoms can no longer be controlled with non-operative treatments.
Partial Knee Replacement
Osteoarthristis (OA) may affect all three sections of your knee—the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) and patella (knee cap). However, it may only affect one or two of these, in which case you may be an appropriate candidate for a partial knee replacement, where only the damaged section of your knee is replaced and your healthy sections are left intact.
With a unicompartmental knee replacement, only one side of the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone) is affected with osteoarthritis.
Custom Knee Replacement (Custom-Fit Knee)
A custom knee replacement is similar to standard knee implants in that the same types of parts are used. The difference with the custom knee replacement is that, prior to undergoing surgery, the patient has an MRI of the knee. Specially designed cutting guides are then made for the patient, which help the surgeon remove a precise amount of bone at specific angles to accept the knee replacement implant.
Shoulder – Rotator Cuff
The rotator cuff is a group of four tendons that surround and stabilize the shoulder joint. The most common symptoms of a rotator cuff problem are pain and weakness. Pain is often felt over the top of the shoulder. Many rotator cuff tears can be treated without surgery but some require surgical repair to improve pain and strength. If you are experiencing pain or weakness, check out our Symptom Checker for a possible diagnosis of your symptoms.
Many people know someone with an artificial knee or hip joint. Shoulder replacement is less common, but it is just as successful in relieving joint pain. About 23,000 people have the surgery each year. This compares to more than 700,000 Americans a year who have knee and hip replacement surgery.